Solar power and wind power are the two foremost readily available sources of power on our planet. Both are renewable energy sources and are abundant and inexhaustible, but even then both generate less than 5% of the world’s electric power.
We are now capable to combine the most influential and abundant forces of nature, which are available to all of us daily. As for example, a vertical axis wind turbine embedded with solar cells is hybrid energy systems of both the technologies.
So if the sun’s shining brightly, but the wind is not blowing you’ve still got power; and vice-versa. If you have both that is even better. In several areas once the sun is strongest the wind speed is low whereas when the wind speed is highest the sun is often the weakest as in winter.
The ultimate solution is to unite these two forms of energy sources to create a steady energy flow. This solution balances out the fluctuations in these powers to give a smoother energy flow. A German company, Bluenergy AG has formed the first integrated solar vertical axis wind turbine.
Elements Projected to Comprise these turbines are: Solar cell Encapsulation technology: Solar cells are covered by layers of pure fluoro-poly-mer in place of standard glass or aluminum. The cell’s surfaces are much more efficient having a Dendrite system which absorbs the sun light from all angles.
Double-helix shaped Wind Vanes: The wind rotor is rotated by two spiral-formed vanes having low installation costs, produces no noise and can be effortlessly maintained from ground level. Generator:
The generator comprises of a rare earth magnets functional on its rotor, providing high efficiency. The fixed winding of the rotor is frequently activated through these magnets, so that the generator straight away delivers power even at low revolutions per minute.
Inverter: The inverter unites the solar electricity and wind generated electrically into one current. The output is standard AC current. Bearings: The axis is a hollow, steel pole, by a double frictionless bearing system to reduce resistance, while increasing efficiency.
How it works
This hybrid solar wind generator makes use of solar panels to collect light and convert it to energy in conjunction with wind turbines to collect energy from the wind. Solar wind charge controllers manage the charging of the energy before it is stored in the battery banks. An inverter, situated in the battery bank, varies the current from DC (direct current) to AC (alternating current which is the type of power used in the majority homes and businesses). Advantages of solar wind turbine
- This device is harmless for people, birds and environment.
- It uses winds from all directions.
- It is spiral in shape and does not make any noise.
- It starts charging even with very low wind speeds.
- It does not need to shutdown during heavy storms; highest RPMs give way to highest electricity output.
- It involves very little maintenance and repair cost.
- The generator is positioned in the base on the ground, for this reason it is
very easy to maintain and monitor.
- No operating or fuels costs are required as both the solar radiation and the
winds are provided by Nature and are inexhaustible.
- Utilization of both wind and sun energy makes it a unique and promises consistent energy generation throughout the year.
Hydro Power: Hydropower is the power obtained from water. It is one of the oldest sources of energy. Historically hydropower was used for irrigation and operation of various machines like watermills, textile machines, wheat grinding, sawmills, dock cranes and domestic lifts. Nowadays, rivers and streams are re-directed through hydro generators to generate energy. Hydropower is energy that comes from the force of moving water either as it flows or as it falls. The water that flows in the river possesses two type of energy: the kinetic energy which is due to flow of water and potential energy which is due to the height of water.
The basic principle behind the generation of hydropower is the force of water turning a wheel which is joined to some machine. It is one of the most widely used renewable sources of energy for generating electricity on large-scale basis. If you have a continual source of falling or running water, you can build a small power plant and use hydropower to generate electricity.